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CAREC Federation of Carrier and Forwarder Associations

People`s Republic of China

flag-kitay china national emblem


General Information

China lies in the east of Asia, the west of Pacific Ocean. China is a country with a vast territory. It has an area of over 9.6 million square kilometers. After Russia and Canada, China ranking third in the world. China almost equals to the entire area of Europe. China terrain is high in west and low in east, with many mountains and plateaus.  The east side to the west side of China is about 5 thousand kilometers. The mainland coastline is 18 thousand kilometers, about 2 million square kilometers of continental shelf and more than 6.5 thousand islands, the sea areas under the jurisdiction area of nearly 3 million square kilometers. It contains 34 provincial administrative units, including 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 Special Administrative regions. Beijing is the capital, is located in the north of china. China is one of the largest countries in the world. Now, it has a population of about 1.3 billion, accounting for 1/4 of the world population.

In 2013, China’s import and export totaled US$ 4,200 billion with a year-on-year growth of 7.6%.China’s export was US$ 2,200 billion, and its import was US$ 2,000 billion, up by 7.9% and 7.3%respectively, with trade surplus of US$ 259.75 billion.

In December 2013, China’s import and export totaled US$ 389.84 billion with a year-on-year growth of 6.2%. China’s export was US$ 207.74 billion, up by 4.3%,and its import was US$ 182.10 billion, up by 8.3%, with trade surplus of US$ 25.64billion.


In the end of 2013, the total road mileage is 4.2375 million km, the waterways mileage is 0.125 million km. In total, there are 4,186 national inland waterway hubs. About 2360 hubs have navigation function. In the navigation structures, there are 864 locks and 44 ship-lifts. There are 31,862 berths have production function. Among them, the number of coastal port berths in production is 5623. The number of inland ports berths in production is 26,239. Number of berths more than 10 thousand ton in the national harbor is 1,886. Among them, the coastal port berths more than 10 thousand ton is 1517., river ports berths more than 10 thousand ton is 369.In China, the specialized berths more than 10 thousand ton is 997, the general bulk cargo berths is 379, the general cargo berths is 340. The country has 14 million cars and 13 million trucks with highway operations. The country has water transport ship 178,600. The net deadweight is 228,486,200 tons. Container slot is 1,573,600 TEU, ship power is 63,894,600 kilowatts. Port cargo throughput over 100 million tons is 29. Among them, number of coastal port is 19.Number of container throughput over one million TEU port is 22.Among them, number of coastal port is 18, number of inland port is 4.



  • Maritime Code of The People's Republic of China
  • Regulations of The People's Republic of China on International Ocean Shipping
  • National Standard of the People’s Republic of China – International freight forwarders trading conditions
  • Examination and approval provisions on foreign-invested international freight forwarding enterprises
  • Supervision provisions on the international freight forwarding industry of the People’s Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国国际海运条例实施细则(附英文)